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Chiricahua and Janos, Chiricahua and Janos, 0803237669, 0-8032-3766-9, 978-0-8032-3766-7, 9780803237667, Lance R. Blyth, Borderlands and Transcultural Studies, Chiricahua and Janos, 0803241720, 0-8032-4172-0, 978-0-8032-4172-5, 9780803241725, Lance R. Blyth, Borderlands and Transcultural Studie

Chiricahua and Janos
Communities of Violence in the Southwestern Borderlands, 1680-1880
Lance R. Blyth

2012. 296 pp.
17 maps, 1 glossary
$60.00 s

Borderlands violence, so explosive in our time, has deep roots in history. Lance R. Blyth’s study of Chiricahua Apaches and the presidio of Janos in the U.S.-Mexican borderlands reveals how no single entity had a monopoly on coercion, and how violence became the primary means by which relations were established, maintained, or altered both within and between communities, to include the Spanish-Mexican settlement of Janos in Nueva Vizcaya, present-day Chihuahua, and the Chiricahua Apaches.

For more than two centuries violence was at the center of the relationships by which Janos and Chiricahua formed their communities. Violence created families by turning boys into men through campaigns and raids, which ultimately led to marriage and also determined the provisioning and security of these families, with acts of revenge and retaliation governing their attempts to secure themselves even as trade and exchange continued sporadically. This revisionist work reveals how during the Spanish, Mexican, and American eras both conflict and accommodation constituted these two communities that previous historians have often treated as separate and antagonistic. By showing not only the negative aspects of violence but also its potentially positive outcomes, Chiricahua and Janos helps us to understand violence not only in the southwestern borderlands but in borderland regions generally around the world.

Lance R. Blyth is the deputy director of the Office of History at U.S. Northern Command and a research associate professor in the Latin American and Iberian Institute at the University of New Mexico.

"Blyth's argument, as well as his narrative and use of traditional and non-traditional sources, is impressive and provides a framework for understanding the permeating role of violence in two borderlands communities."—Brandon Jett, Southwestern American Literature

"Chiricahua and Janos represents a valuable addition to the growing literature examining violence in zones of intercultural contact, both in the Americas and around the globe."—Paul Conrad, Journal of Interdisciplinary History

"Built on solid archival research and making good use early on of Chiricahua oral tradition, Chiricahua and Janos adds to the growing body of United States– Mexico border lands studies focused on indigenous autonomy of action."—Jesús F. De La Teja, Hispanic American Historical Review

“At a time when western historians have rediscovered the borderlands to great effect, Chiricahua and Janos presents a valuable new framework for thinking about Spanish-Indian relations in the American Southwest. It is a substantial contribution to the fields of Borderlands and Native American history.”—Karl Jacoby, author of Shadows at Dawn: A Borderlands Massacre and the Violence of History

“The story this book has to tell will prove important and compelling. Chiricahua and Janos reflects trends in a burgeoning historiography of the Spanish-Indian borderlands, especially with its scholarly attention to Indian communities as independent political actors in larger narratives of imperial, national, and international expansion and conflict.”—Juliana Barr, author of Peace Came in the Form of a Woman: Indians and Spaniards in the Texas Borderlands

2013 David J. Weber-William P. Clements Prize

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