Contributions to Ojibwe Studies


Contributions to Ojibwe Studies

Essays, 1934-1972

A. Irving Hallowell
Edited and with introductions by Jennifer S. H. Brown and Susan Elaine Gray

Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology Series

664 pages
7 photos, 2 maps, 5 tables, 1 figure


August 2010


$50.00 Add to Cart

About the Book

From 1930 to 1940, A. Irving Hallowell, a professor of anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania, made repeated summer fieldwork visits to Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, and to the Ojibwe community at Berens River on the lake’s east side. He traveled up the Berens River several times to other Ojibwe communities as well, under the guidance of William Berens, the treaty chief at Berens River from 1917 to 1947 and Hallowell’s closest collaborator. Contributions to Ojibwe Studies presents twenty-eight of Hallowell’s writings focusing on the Ojibwe people at Berens River.
This collection is the first time that the majority of Hallowell’s otherwise widely dispersed essays about the Ojibwe have been gathered into a single volume, thus providing a focused, in-depth view of his contributions to our knowledge and understanding of a vital North American aboriginal people. This volume also contributes to the history of North American anthropology, since Hallowell’s approaches to and analyses of his findings shed light on his role in the shifting intellectual currents in anthropology over four decades.

Author Bio

A. Irving Hallowell (1892–1974) was an American anthropologist who taught for most of his life at the University of Pennsylvania. Jennifer S. H. Brown holds a Canada Research Chair and is director of the Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies at the University of Winnipeg. She has published widely on Northern Algonquian and fur trade history, and coedited, with Susan Elaine Gray, Memories, Myths, and Dreams of an Ojibwe Leader by William Berens. Susan Elaine Gray, an award-winning scholar of Northern Algonquian history and cultures, teaches Aboriginal history and is the research associate to the Canada Research Chair in Aboriginal Peoples and Histories at the University of Winnipeg. She is the coeditor of The Spirit Lives in the Mind: Omushkego Stories, Lives, and Dreams.


"[Contributions to Ojibwe Studies is] a deeply interesting revelation of a world that readers, along with Hallowell, can walk into and only slowly come to see and experience as do these subsistence hunter-fisher and plant-harvester northern people." —A.B. Kehoe, Choice

"The new collection of Hallowell's essays constitutes a significant core of his life's work."—Chris Paci, American Review of Canadian Studies

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Series Editors' Introduction

Editors' Preface


Editorial History and Procedures 

Prologue: On Being an Anthropologist

Part I. Approaching Ojibwe Culture and Material Life


1. The Northern Ojibwa 

2. Notes on the Northern Range of Zizania [wild rice] in Manitoba

3. Rocks and Stones    

4. Notes on the Material Culture of the Island Lake Saulteaux    

Part II. Marriage and Kinship


5. Cross-Cousin Marriage in the Lake Winnipeg Area   

6. The Incidence, Character, and Decline of Polygyny among the Lake Winnipeg Cree and Saulteaux  

Part III. The Patterning of Experience in Time and Space


7. Temporal Orientation in Western Civilization and in a Preliterate Society 

8. Some Psychological Aspects of Measurement among the Saulteaux 

9. The Size of Algonkian Hunting Territories: A Function of Ecological Adjustment  

10. Cultural Factors in Spatial Orientation    

Part IV. Stress and Anxiety, Fear and Aggression


11. Psychic Stresses and Culture Patterns

12. Fear and Anxiety as Cultural and Individual Variables in a Primitive Society   

13. Freudian Symbolism in the Dream of a Saulteaux Indian  

14. Shabwán: A Dissocial Indian Girl     

15. Aggression in Saulteaux Society

16. The Social Function of Anxiety in a Primitive Society  

Part V. In Sickness and in Health


17. Sin, Sex, and Sickness in Saulteaux Belief 

18. Psychosexual Adjustment, Personality, and the Good Life in a Nonliterate Culture     

19. Values, Acculturation, and Mental Health   

Part VI. Religion, Dreams, and the Spiritual Life


20. Some Empirical Aspects of Northern Saulteaux Religion  

21. The Passing of the Midewi<MIDDOT>win in the Lake Winnipeg Region   

22. Spirits of the Dead in Saulteaux Life and Thought

23. The Role of Dreams in Ojibwa Culture 

Part VI. Personality, the Self, and World View


24. The Rorschach Method as an Aid in the Study of Personalities in Primitive Societies  

25. Some Psychological Characteristics of the Northeastern Indians     

26. The Ojibwa Self and its Behavioral Environment   

27. Ojibwa Ontology, Behavior, and World View  

Glossary of Ojibwe Words and Names Used by Hallowell 

Source Acknowledgements


Also of Interest