Blacks, Indians, and Spaniards in the Eastern Andes

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Blacks, Indians, and Spaniards in the Eastern Andes

Reclaiming the Forgotten in Colonial Mizque, 1550-1782

Lolita Gutierrez Brockington

360 pages

Paperback

March 2009

978-0-8032-2484-1

$24.95 Add to Cart

About the Book

Blacks, Indians, and Spaniards in the Eastern Andes examines the little known province of Mizque and its colonial populations from 1550 to 1782. Mizque's sub-puna valleys, lowland plains, and tropical forests boasted multiple desirable ecological zones. It was inhabited by diverse Andean ethnic groups, some with Amazonian ties and some who were aggressive warriors. The Spanish conquest of the region, incomplete at best, reconfigured the land and labor systems and created a hinterland-to-highland colonial market system, fostering an economic boom in wine, sugar, coca, and livestock. African slaves brought in to supplement the rapidly declining indigenous labor force further contributed to demographic and economic change beyond the control of the Spanish imperial state.

Lolita Gutiérrez Brockington's work also analyzes how imperial control met with resistance and how Africans, Indians, and Spaniards, and their descendants interacted with one another. Her study uncovers an intersection and cross-fertilization of sociocultural measurements identifiable in the workplace, courts, church, and private lives. Brockington innovatively uses Spanish colonial documentary sources, including serial financial accounts of wealthy orphans, court cases, parish records, and census information of hacienda workers to elucidate race, ethnic, class, and gender issues within the colonial reality of contradiction and ambiguity.

Author Bio

Lolita Gutiérrez Brockington is an emeritus associate professor of history at North Carolina Central University and a fellow with the Institute of African American Research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is the author of The Leverage of Labor: Managing the Cortés Haciendas in Tehuantepec, 1588–1688.

Praise

"In the first serious study of slavery in the eastern Andes, Brockington convincingly demonstrates that Africans did not replace indigenous labor, but added new skill sets."—CHOICE

“A stimulating and thoughtful overview of the Eastern Andes in southeastern Bolivia.”—Colonial Latin American Historical Review

"This book is a careful, revealing, and intelligent blend of economic, social, and cultural history. It reminds us that what is now peripheral was not always so. More than a decade in the making, its arrival is most welcome."—Peter Bakewell, Hispanic American Historical Review

"This book offers a rich tapestry of empirical evidence concerning the families and lineages of elites and commoners who peopled Mizque. It constitutes an illustrative example of regional history and provides an opportunity to reflect on the possibilities for interpretation of the data in social history."—Cynthia Radding, American Historical Review

“This is an important contribution to both Bolivian studies and colonial history generally. Gutiérrez Brockington has done a great service to the field by putting the spotlight on both Mizque and on its least-appreciated developers: the thousands of people of African descent who made it productive.”—Kris Lane, The Americas

Awards

2006 Thomas McGann Prize, honorable mention, sponsored by the Rocky Mountain Council for Latin American Studies

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