Malcontents, Rebels, and Pronunciados


Malcontents, Rebels, and Pronunciados

The Politics of Insurrection in Nineteenth-Century Mexico

Edited and with an introduction by Will Fowler

The Mexican Experience Series

352 pages
3 maps, 3 tables, 1 chronology


June 2012


$40.00 Add to Cart
eBook (PDF)

June 2012


$40.00 Add to Cart

About the Book

Behind every pronunciamiento, a formal list of grievances designed to spark political change in nineteenth-century Mexico, was a disgruntled individual, rebel, or pronunciado. Initially a role undertaken by soldiers, a pronunciado rallied military communities to petition for local, regional, and even national interests. As the popularity of these petitions grew, however, they evolved from a military-led practice to one endorsed and engaged by civilians, priests, indigenous communities, and politicians.

The second in a series of books exploring the phenomenon of the pronunciamiento, this volume examines case studies of individual and collective pronunciados in regions across Mexico. Top scholars examine the motivations of individual pronunciados and the reasons they succeeded or failed; why garrisons, town councils, and communities adopted the pronunciamiento as a political tool and form of representation and used it to address local and national grievances; and whether institutions upheld corporate aims in endorsing, supporting, or launching pronunciamientos. The essays provide a better understanding of the rebel leaders behind these public acts of defiance and reveal how an insurrectionary repertoire became part of a national political culture.

Author Bio

Will Fowler is a professor of Latin American Studies at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. His many books include Forceful Negotiations: The Origins of the Pronunciamiento in Nineteenth-Century Mexico (Nebraska, 2010) and Santa Anna of Mexico (available in a Bison Books edition).
Contributors include Catherine Andrews, Linda Arnold, Raymond Buve, Sergio Cañedo Gamboa, Eduardo Flores Clair, Juan Ortiz Escamilla, Erika Pani, Terry Rugeley, Anne Staples, Guy P.C. Thomson, and Josefina Zoraida Vazquez.


"[Malcontents, Rebels, and Pronunciados] is a highly welcome contribution to the historiography of nineteenth century Mexico. It sheds light on an important characteristic of political culture in this period."—Silke Hensel, Hispanic American Historical Review

Table of Contents

List of Maps
List of Tables
Introduction: Understanding Individual and Collective Insurrectionary Action in Independent Mexico, 1821-1876 (Will Fowler, University of St. Andrews)    
Chronology of Main Events and Pronunciamientos, 1821-1876                                    
1.  The Compass Points of Unrest: Pronunciamientos from Within, Without, Above, and Below in Southeast Mexico, 1821-1876
Terry Rugeley                               
2. The Rise and Fall of a Regional Strongman: Felipe de la Garza’s Pronunciamiento of 1822
Catherine Andrews  
3. Veracruz, the Determining Region: Military Pronunciamientos in Mexico, 1821-1843
Juan Ortiz Escamilla                                                
4. The Clergy and How it Responded to Calls for Rebellion Before the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Anne Staples         
5. José Ramón García Ugarte: Patriot, Federalist, or Malcontent?
Linda Arnold     
6. Ponciano Arriaga and Mariano Ávila’s Intellectual Backing of the 14 April 1837 Pronunciamiento of San Luis Potosí
Sergio Cañedo Gamboa                           
7. Ayuntamientos and Pronunciamientos during the Nineteenth Century: Examples from Tlaxcala between Independence and the Reform War
Raymond Buve                      
8. The End of the “Catholic Nation”: Reform and Reaction in Puebla, 1854-1856
Guy P.C. Thomson            
9. In Search of Power: The Pronunciamientos of General Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga
Josefina Zoraida Vázquez
10. The Pronunciamientos of Antonio López de Santa Anna, 1821-1867
Will Fowler        
11. Intervention and Empire: Politics as Usual?
Erika Pani                             
12. A Socialist Pronunciamiento: Julio López Chávez’s Uprising of 1868
Eduardo Flores Clair              

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