Mick Gidley provides an intimate and informative glimpse of photographer Edward S. Curtis (1868–1952) and his associates as they embarked on their epic quest to document through word and picture the traditional cultures of Native Americans in the western United States—cultures that Curtis believed were inevitably doomed.
Curtis’s project in the early decades of the twentieth century became the largest anthropological enterprise ever undertaken in this country, yielding the monumental work The North American Indian. Its publication was a watershed in the anthropological study of Native Americans, inspiring the first feature-length documentary film, popular magazine articles, books for young readers, lectures, and photography exhibitions. Housing a wealth of ethnographic information yet steeped in nostalgia and predicated on the assumption that Native Americans were a “vanishing race,” Curtis’s work has been both influential and controversial, and its vision of Native Americans must still be reckoned with today.
Gidley draws on reports and reflections by Curtis and the project’s assistants, memoirs by Curtis family members, and eyewitness accounts by newspaper reporters in presenting an unprecedented look at anthropological fieldwork as it was commonly practiced during this period. He also examines the views of Curtis and his contemporaries concerning their enterprise and how both Native Americans and the mainstream American public perceived their efforts.
Mick Gidley is an emeritus professor of American literature and culture at the University of Leeds. He is the author of several books, including Edward S. Curtis and the North American Indian, Incorporated and Photography and the USA.
“Gidley’s 29-page introductory essay is essential reading, summarizing Curtis’s work, cultural contexts, and culture change. . . . Gidley’s historical and literary assessment of the largest anthropological enterprise undertaken in the U.S. provides a valuable, coherent insight into the man and his era.”—Choice
“This book is a real treat for Curtis fans and detractors. With this anthology of original sources and Gidley’s earlier biography we have the best possible introduction to Curtis’s fascinating work.”—Ira Jacknis, Current Anthropology
"Certainly no stranger to this material, Gidley has mined a rich trove of letters, reports, magazine and newspaper articles, and other documents to craft an edited volume with potential appeal for diverse readership. In broad view, his selections . . . affirm the underlying humanism that Curtis and other principals brought to their study."—Jerry R. Galm, Oregon Historical Society
"The information in this well-researched little volume sheds light on the views of Curtis and his contemporaries concerning their work and the Native peoples they worked with."—Anne Hillerman, Southwest Book Views
Three eyewitness views by the Indian, Chief He Dog, the Indian-white, William Garnett, and the white doctor, Valentine McGillycuddy Edited and with a new introduction by Robert A. Clark Commentary by Carroll Friswold