Choctaw Genesis, 1500-1700


Choctaw Genesis, 1500-1700

Patricia Galloway

Indians of the Southeast Series

413 pages
Illus., maps


February 1998


$30.00 Add to Cart

About the Book

Today the Choctaws are remembered as one of the Five Civilized Tribes, removed to Oklahoma in the early nineteenth century; a large band remains in Mississippi, quietly and effectively refusing to be assimilated. The Choctaws are a Muskogean people, in historical times residing in southern Mississippi and Alabama; they were agriculturalists as well as hunters, and a force to be reckoned with in the eighteenth century.
Patricia Galloway, armed with evidence from a variety of disciplines, counters the commonly held belief that these same people had long exercised power in the region. She argues that the turmoil set in motion by European exploration led to realignments and regroupings, and ultimately to the formation of a powerful new Indian nation.
Through a close examination of the physical evidence and historical sources, the author provides an ethnohistorical account of the proto-Choctaw and Choctaw peoples from the eve of contact with Euro-Americans through the following two centuries. Starting with the basic archaeological evidence and the written records of early Spanish and English visitors, Galloway traces the likely origin of the Choctaw people, their movements and interactions with other native groups in the South, and Choctaw response to these contacts. She thereby creates the first careful and complete history of the tribe in the early modern period. This rich and detailed work will not only provides much new information on the Choctaws but illuminates the entire field of colonial-era southeastern history and will provide a model for ethnographic studies.

Author Bio

Patricia Galloway is Special Projects Officer, Mississippi Department of Archives and History. She is the editor of The Southeastern Ceremonial Complex: Artifacts and Analysis (Nebraska 1989) and The Hernando de Soto Expedition: History, Historiography, and “Discovery” in the Southeast (Nebraska 1997).


1997 McLemore Prize, sponsored by the Mississippi Historical Society, winner
1996 Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Book Award, sponsored by the American Society for Ethnohistory, winner
1996 James Mooney Book Award, sponsored by the Southern Anthropological Society, winner

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