Richard A. Clucas is an associate professor of political science at Portland State University. He is the editor of Readings and Cases in State and Local Politics and the general editor of About U.S. State Government: An Encyclopedia of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches. Mark Henkels is a professor of political science and administration at Western Oregon University. Brent S. Steel is the director for the Master of Public Policy Program at Oregon State University. He is a coeditor of Political Culture and Policy in Canada and the United States: Only a Border Apart? and the author of Environmental Politics and Policy.