A Concise Dictionary of Nakoda (Assiniboine)


A Concise Dictionary of Nakoda (Assiniboine)

Vincent Collette
With Wilma Kennedy
​Foreword by Chief Ira McArthur

Studies in the Native Languages of the Americas Series

370 pages
1 map, 8 tables


February 2023


$85.00 Pre-order

About the Book

A Concise Dictionary of Nakoda (Assiniboine) brings to life the hopes and dreams of Nakoda (Assiniboine) elders. The Nakoda language—also known as Assiniboine, an Ojibwe ethnonym meaning “stone enemy”—is an endangered Siouan language of the Mississippi Valley branch spoken in southern Saskatchewan as well as in northern Montana. Nakoda belongs to the Dakotan dialectal continuum, which includes Dakota, Lakhota, and Stoney.

The fieldwork for this project was done between 2018 and 2020 with Elder Wilma Kennedy, one of the last fluent speakers living in Carry The Kettle, Saskatchewan. The volume brings together many valuable stories and colorful expressions as well as archaic words that do not appear in any known sources of the language. Particular care was taken to obtain the derivatives of many verbal stems, along with sentences for many of the verbs, adverbs, and other function words.

More than a list of words, this volume contains definitions and standard spellings along with a wealth of grammatical information. The dictionary contains more than 6,000 Nakoda-to-English words, more than 3,000 English-to-Nakoda words, and more than 1,500 sentences that will be extremely helpful for those interested in mastering the different usages of words and the various sentence patterns of the language. This dictionary of Nakoda can be used by anyone interested in learning or by those who would like to refresh their knowledge of the language.

Author Bio

Vincent Collette is a visiting professor of linguistics at the University of Québec at Chicoutimi. He is the editor of Nakón-i’a wo!: Beginning Nakoda and other works. Wilma Kennedy (1923–2020; Heȟága hóta’į wį́yą, Echo of the Elk Woman) was an educator, language activist, and knowledge keeper of the Nakoda community. She is the coauthor of Nakón-i’a wo!: Beginning Nakoda.


“A great resource for both academic and nonacademic audiences. It is the most comprehensive dictionary of the Nakoda (Assiniboine) language. It is a mandatory addition to reference collections at academic libraries and will be a treasured possession of every Nakoda household.”—Jurgita Antoine, director of Native Language Research for the American Indian Higher Education Consortium

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
A short history of the Nakoda people
Dialectal situation of Nakhóta
Language Vitality
Spelling system and sound description
Key to Entries
General Information
Entries for verbs in the Nakoda–English section
Entries for nouns in the Nakoda–English section
Entries for morphemes in the Nakoda–English section
Entries in the English–Nakoda section
Glossing and Class Codes

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