Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830

Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830

Jaime E. Rodríguez O.

294 pages
2 tables, index


February 2018


$50.00 Add to Cart
eBook (PDF)

February 2018


$50.00 Add to Cart
eBook (EPUB)

February 2018


$50.00 Add to Cart

About the Book

Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830 examines the nature of Spanish American political culture by reevaluating the political theory, institutions, and practices of the Hispanic world. Consisting of eight case studies with a focus on New Spain and Quito, Jaime E. Rodríguez O. demonstrates that the process of independence of Spanish America differs from previous claims.

In 1188 King Alfonso IX convened the Cortes, the first congress in Europe that included the three estates: the clergy, the nobility, and the towns. This heritage, along with events in the sixteenth century, including the rebellion of Castilla and the Protestant Reformation, transformed the nature of Hispanic political thought. Rodríguez O. argues that those developments, rather than the Enlightenment, were the basis of the Hispanic revolution and the Constitution of 1812. Emphasizing continuity rather than the rejection of Hispanic political culture, and including the Atlantic perspective, Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830 demonstrates the nature of the Hispanic revolution and the process of independence. Rodríguez O.’s work will encourage historians of Spanish America to reexamine the political institutions and processes of those nations from a broad perspective to gain a deeper understanding of the Spanish American countries that emerged from the breakup of the composite monarchy.

Author Bio

Jaime E. Rodríguez O. is a research professor emeritus of history at the University of California, Irvine. He is the author of several books, including “We Are Now the True Spaniards”: Sovereignty, Revolution, Independence, and the Emergence of the Federal Republic of Mexico, 1808–1824 and The Independence of Spanish America


"Distinguished historian Rodríguez O. . . . has identified and analyzed the nature and significance of the political revolution in the Hispanic world that followed the French invasion of Spain in 1808 and the abdication of its monarchs. . . . This new book provides a brief context of relevant political thought and institutions since about 1500 and examines several related topics: political process in Mexico and Ecuador, especially after 1808; the limited impact of US independence on the Hispanic political revolution; historians' continued use of caudillos (leaders) as an inadequate explanation of political instability; an overview of emancipation in America; and the need for detailed studies of governing institutions. Rodríguez O.'s documentation of extensive Indian participation in the political process in Ecuador following the crisis of 1808 warrants special mention. Clearly written, thoughtful, and persuasive, this important volume belongs in every college and university library."—M. A. Burkholder, CHOICE

“Jaime Rodríguez O. is a great historian of the Iberian Empires, and once again he shows his command of the subject in his latest book, Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830. It is an insightful and in-depth examination of independence within an Atlantic framework. This analysis is both beautifully written and exciting to read.”—Christoph Rosenmüller, research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History and professor of Latin American history at Middle Tennessee State University

Table of Contents

List of Tables
A Note on Usage
1. The Nature of Representation in New Spain
2. The Origins of the Quito Revolution of 1809
3. Clerical Culture in the Kingdom of Quito
4. Citizens of the Spanish Nation
5. The Emancipation of America
6. U.S. Independence and Spanish American Independence
7. Caudillos and Historians
8. New Directions and Old Questions
Source Acknowledgments

Also of Interest